Emily Johnson

Role in the project


  • PhD studentship supervised by Dr. Alan Outram, addressing variation in animal bone fat use, butchery practices and taphonomy throughout the LBK, particularly in relation to evidence for dairying.
  • Carrying out original zooarchaeological research on faunal assemblages from key LBK sites.

1. Fracture analysis: determining how fresh bones were when they were broken using Outram’s (2001) Fracture Freshness Index (FFI). This indicates the intensity of bone marrow exploitation.
2. Fragmentation analysis: determining how fragmented an assemblage is to indicate possible bone grease processing.
3. Butchery analysis: in-depth butchery analysis to look at changes in meat exploitation.

  • Relating trends to evidence for dairying on these sites provided by lipid residue analysis.


MSc Bioarchaeology (Human Osteology) (2013, with distinction)

University of Exeter, UK.

  • Identification of whole and fragmented human remains under Prof. Chris Knüsel.
  • Zooarchaeology Advanced Project and Dissertation: Identification and analysis of the Roman and post-Roman faunal material from the “Hat and Feather yard” site in Bath (supervised by Dr. Alan Outram).

BA (combined honours) Archaeology and Ancient History (2012, first class)

University of Exeter, UK.

  • BA dissertation: Identification and analysis of a faunal assemblage from Roman Essex (supervised by Dr. Alan Outram).
  • Received department commendation in Classics for academic performance.


Johnson, E. V., Parmenter, P. C. R. and Outram, A. K., 2016. A new approach to profiling taphonomic history through bone fracture analysis, with an example application to the Linearbandkeramik site of Ludwinowo 7, Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 9: 623-629.

Parmenter, P. C. R., Johnson, E. V. and Outram, A. K., 2015. Inventing the Neolithic? Putting evidence-based interpretation back into the study of faunal remains from causewayed enclosures, World Archaeology 47(5), 819-833.